Latera natural laboratory
Two portable CO2 meters have been designed and built, which are available to researchers who request to use the Latera laboratory. The instruments are equipped with a GPS receiver, which stores the route traveled, associating the corresponding CO2 value and other air parameters to each point. Once back in the laboratory, the device is connected to the PC to download the data, which are immediately visible online, in the database of the site
DeepLab Sea Floor Landers are used to record time series of physical-oceanographic and chemical parameters of the bottom water and of the water column. Each station is constituted of a stainless steel pyramidal with triangular base frame (of about 1.6 m of leg) which holds the instruments and the sensors.
In the current configuration the DeepLab is equipped with base self-recording instruments to measure temperature, conductivity, pressure, dissolved oxygen, pH, dissolved CO2, sea currents direction and speed on the water column every 0.5 m and estimate waves height and direction. It is equipped with an underwater telemetry system with 5 miles range able to control the releasing of a subsurface buoy for the recovery of the lander from the ship without the need of divers.
Near-Surface Gas Monitoring Facility (GAS MON)
The Near-Surface Gas Monitoring facility is used for CCUS and geoenergy research and includes a wide range of equipment and expertise for gas monitoring. This includes innovative survey methods for CO2 leakage detection, such as the use of mobile open path and cavity ring down laser systems for CH4 and CO2, innovative use of techniques more usually applied in different fields of study, and a capability to examine the origin of gases through examining the relationship of CO2 to other gases and the use of carbon isotopes.
TNO’s CO2 capture pilot, so called Mini Plant, has been designed and constructed to support demonstration activities in the field of post-combustion capture research and development. It is based on the technology of absorption into liquid solvents. The main advantage of this pilot plant is that different types of solvents and equipment configurations for CO2 capture can be tested with actual flue-gas from the process, on-site. With the Mini Plant can be also performed other capture related research and development such as aerosol formation, emissions and counter-measure research. The rig operates in a cyclic mode with the solvent being circulated between the absorber and the stripper. In the absorber, which is almost 7m high, the solvent flows counter-currently to the flue gas and removes CO2 from it. In the stripper or desorber, which is shorter than the absorber, the solvent releases the absorbed CO2 by means of high temperature, and becomes ready to start a new absorption cycle. The Mini Plant has been recently upgraded with a quench and two water washes (in the absorber and in the stripper) to enable the operation with more volatile solvents. Besides that, the software is updated to a newer version and the interface is touch screen.
For ease of transport the Mini Plant has been divided into three parts. The three parts fit on one truck, so it’s easy to transport the complete plant to any location.
The rig has 3 skids, each of them equipped with a leak tray of 40L (total solvent inventory is 25 L).
The dimensions of the three skids, set next to each other are:
- 108 x 108 x 620 cm: absorber column with the quench and the absorber wash column
- 116 x 108 x 213 cm : frame with pumps and heat exchangers
- 108 x 108 x 420 cm : stripping column with a stripping wash column
The Piper Seneca III aircraft is equipped with the most advanced remote sensing instruments (Lidar sensor Riegl LMS-Q560, Hyperspectral sensor Specim Aisa Eagle 1K, Thermal camera Nec TS9260, Digital camera Canon EOS 1Ds MkIII, Ultraportable Greenhouse Gas Analyzer). The equipment is managed by a team of expert researchers and technicians. The aircraft is unique because it integrates different instruments on board and can also accommodate additional equipment provided by external researchers. Operating in Europe, the aircraft can be used to perform accurate remote sensing surveys over wide areas, onshore and offshore (especially coastal areas). Data collected can be easily geographically referenced and integrated with other data, for joint analysis and interpretation. For the moment, it can only be performed reconnaissance and gas mapping flights.